post

Overview Of Sand Casting Market

Sand casting is the process of creating metal components by pouring molten metal into molds made out of sand and additives. The main ingredient is sand which is combined with binders and formed into a pattern, based on the final desired component. The molten metal is added to the mold after which the sand mold is broken, leaving behind the metal component.

The process of sand casting is the oldest and most popular method of metal casting. While the process is time intensive, it is capable of creating metal components ranging from a few ounces in weight to those weighing in tons. A wide variety of metals and alloys can also be used due to the high heat tolerance of sand.

Key Industries

The process of sand casting is used to produce a considerable amount of all metal castings, with the main industries driving the demand consisting of automotive, industrial machinery, railways, and energy and construction sectors. Almost any alloy, ferrous or non-ferrous can be used in sand casting, including metals with high melting temperatures such as steel and titanium.

Sand casting is used to produce smaller parts such as gears, propellers, pulleys and crankshafts and larger equipment such as engine blocks, transmission cases, and cylinder heads. By using sand for the mold, there is an added flexibility in designing the pattern, and further cores can be used to increase the complexity of the design to suit the usage. The use of 3D printers to design the mold patterns has made the process easier and quicker, and therefore more adaptable.  

Global Sand Casting Market

The 5 nations that are the top sand casting suppliers are China, India, US, Japan, and Germany with China contributing to approximately 45-47 percent of the global production of sand castings. Around 70 percent of ferrous castings are produced using the sand casting method and 25 percent of non-ferrous castings.

In developed countries, environmental regulations force foundries to take up more environment-friendly protocols, such as the recycling of sand and use of silicate binders. In developing nations, the demand for metal castings is higher so as to boost infrastructure. As the process of sand casting is labor intensive, the growth of the industry has expanded more in nations with low-cost labor.

Challenges

Sand casting is a highly customizable and time-consuming process, as each mold is modified as per needs. The sand mold cannot be reused as each mold has to be broken entirely to recover the metal component created, as a result of which sand casting is expensive. The entire process of sand casting is labor intensive, and the rise in labor costs has further increased the expense of sand casting. The costs are also influenced by expensive raw materials.

Due to the high porosity of the sand mold, the metal component generally has low material strength, low dimensional accuracy, and a poor surface finish, despite the characteristics of the metal used.

The sand casting process to create metal components continues to gain in

3 Reasons Amusement Parks Require Legal Experts

As the business owner of an amusement park, you are required by law to keep rides and related equipment in top shape. Accidents out of your control can occur, and customers do assume some risk when they pay enjoy the park and ride the rides. In a situation when you are being held liable for an accident that was beyond your control, professionals who conduct amusement accident analysis are at your disposal.

Here are three reasons amusement park operators should consider retaining legal and safety experts.

Safety

When there are as many potential safety threats present as there are at an amusement park, it does not hurt to retain outside legal help and consultants who can offer a third-party perspective. Experts in this field are trained to assess a park’s current safety. They can tell you if the rides, signage and ability to provide medical response is in compliance. If they are not, a list of improvements is handed over to you. This gives you time to make the adjustments and get up to code.

OSHA Compliance

Any business is going to be affected by local, state and federal regulations. The degree may vary depending upon the company’s field, but there will be compliance mandates. Among the department regulations a business must abide are those that come from the US Occupational Safety and Health Department. An expert in this area takes a look at an amusement park’s electrical, hazardous materials and emergency action plan compliance, among others. If any area is lacking, recommendations will be given so they can be fixed.

Representation

Theme parks, sports complexes and concert arenas are some of the entertainment venues that benefit from the expertise of a safety and legal professional. As they provide consultation and assessment, they maintain documentation and reports. Your compliance in the necessary areas protects you in case you encounter accusations that were out of your control.

An amusement accident analysis helps you keep your theme park safe so customers can continue to enjoy themselves. It also ensures the facility remains up to code standards.…