A Guide to Hydroponic Growing

A plant requires light energy and water to grow and develop, in a base such as water or soil. This refers to the need to have these conditions present. Hydroponic lighting refers to the artificial lights necessary for plants not receiving direct sunlight to flourish. There are those who prefer to plant crops indoors, motivated mostly by poor weather patterns and minimal exterior space. These plants grow just as well, provided they are well supplied with water, nutrients, and light. Of the three, water and light must be present. The supplied light is an integral part of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the procedure whereby a plant manufactures food for its growth and sustenance. The the importance of that process justifies the cost of buying and setting up the artificial lighting devices.

You shall find in the market some examples of these light types; LED growing lights, High Pressure Sodium growing lights, and Sodium Vapor lamps. A comparison of the different types of light sources available reveals the LED ones as the longest lasting, making them the preferred choice for many. They also shine brighter when put aside the High-Pressure Sodium lamps. Generally, electricity is required to ensure the functioning of these artificial lighting systems in an indoor garden. Through electricity, they release an electromagnetic spectrum that enables photosynthesis for the plants in the vicinity. It is important to note that the spectrum emitted by these artificial lights differs from the one that outdoor plants receive from the sun. The light from the sun has in it all the color spectra directed towards the plants.

These growing lights are designed to release different spectral color of light depending on which stage of growth the plants have attained. This presents you with the ability to give the plants the exact light type necessary to its current growth trend. As per research, plants will require you to supply blue light when they are in the vegetative stage and thereafter switch to red or orange color spectrum as they begin to flower.
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You will find two most common styles of these artificial lighting fixtures, namely the hanging bulbs and the free standing lamps, complete with a support base. The size of your garden will guide on which of the two to choose, typically opting to use the hanging lights for large areas to be covered. The freestanding units can serve best in a small room, or where the plants are clustered together.
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You however have to be careful not to destroy the plants with too much heat from the bulbs touching the leaves of the surrounding plants. This calls for constant monitoring, where you can be switching the lamps on and off, as applicable.